The action of this drug is most marked on the lower bowel, producing engorged hemorrhoidal veins, with a characteristic backache, with the absence of actual constipation. Much pain but little bleeding. Venous stasis general, varicose veins of a purple color; everything is slowed down, digestion, heart, bowels, etc. Torpor and congestion of the liver and portal system, with constipation. The backaches and gives out and unfits the patient for business. Flying pains all over. Fullness in various parts; dry, swollen mucous membranes. Throat with hemorrhoidal conditions.